I was thinking it over by the snack machine, I thought about you and a candy bar…

Diabetes is divided into two types, type I and type II. Type I diabetes develops when the insulin producing cells in the body are destroyed and the body is unable to produce any insulin. Insulin allows glucose to enter the cells in the body where it is used as fuel for energy. With type I diabetes, insulin can no longer be produced, so glucose builds up in the blood. The reason for the destruction of these insulin producing cells is not fully understood, but thought to be triggered by a virus or infection. This type of diabetes can develop at any age, but usually under the age of 40, and predominantly in children. It accounts for 5 – 15% of diabetes sufferers, and is treated with daily insulin injections, a healthy diet and regular physical activity.

Type II diabetes develops when the body can make some insulin, but not enough, and the insulin that is produced does not function correctly – insulin resistance. With insulin not functioning correctly, glucose cannot enter the cells, and again, builds up in the blood. This type of diabetes usually occurs over the age of 40, though can appear earlier in South Asian and black people, at the age of 25. A more worrying factor is that this type of diabetes is becoming more common in young children, adolescents and young people of all ethnicities, highlighting the need for dietary changes and physical activity in children. It accounts for 85 – 95% of diabetes sufferers, and is treated with a healthy diet and regular physical activity. In addition, medication/insulin is often necessary.

Children and young people especially, with this increase in childhood onset diabetes, should partake in at least an hour of moderate physical activity per day. Activities such as brisk walking, dance, active play and sports are all included. Physical activity will help to improve blood glucose, improve fitness, prevent excess weight gain, lower blood pressure and keep the heart healthy. In addition, a good diet is also extremely important. 

If you would like more information on Osteopathy, how to deal with diabetes, or are simply unsure whether osteopathy can help with any problems you may have, it may be worthwhile coming to see us at Atlas Osteopathy (with clinics in East Finchley and Moorgate, as well as the option of home visits), where we can explain your problems to you, why they occur and whether or not you are suitable for osteopathic treatment. Often this can be done via email or on the phone.